Paradise in Hell

Alcohol and Drugs in the Spanish Civil War

Author(s) Jorge Marco

Language: English

Genre(s): History

Series: Iberian and Latin American Studies

  • March 2024 · 280 pages ·216x138mm

  • · Hardback - 9781837721115
  • · eBook - pdf - 9781837721122
  • · eBook - epub - 9781837721139

About The Book

Paradise in Hell studies the role played by alcohol, morphine, cocaine, cannabis and amphetamines in the Spanish Civil War. The book analyses the moral discourses that were produced around these substances, the policies implemented by civil and military authorities, the consumption by combatants and civilians, and the role they played in the war effort. From these four perspectives, Paradises in Hell explores the everyday experiences of soldiers and civilians, the physical, psychological and emotional effects of war, the rituals of camaraderie, and the impact that the absence of these substances had on the morale of soldiers and civilians. The book also gives special attention to the role these substances played in the development of respectable, tough and cocky masculinities, in the construction of a sense of national community and everyday nationalism, and in the dehumanisation of the enemy in a way that legitimised violence.


Part One: Bullets and Alcohol
1. Controversies, paradoxes and compromises
2. The bar front: respectable masculinity on the home front
3. ‘Drinks of death’: respectable masculinity at the front
4. ‘Raging drunk’: Republican dehumanisation of the enemy
5. ‘Who are the real drunkards?’: Insurgent dehumanisation of the enemy
6. ‘Drunk on blood and alcohol’: ethylic monsters and violence
7. ‘Drinking reveals the good warrior’: everyday nationalism, tough and cocky masculinity
8. Alcohol on the front line
9. The ‘malignant’ consequences of alcohol: discipline, psychosis and alcoholism
Part Two: Artificial Paradise
10. Drugs and modern war: a global context
11. The unstoppable path towards ‘degeneration’
12. The toxic enemy: anti-drug discourses during the Spanish Civil War
13. ‘Morfo’ and ‘coco’ in the Spanish Civil War
14. The pharmaceutical industry and the war effort
15. The black market and the war on drugs
16. From kif smoke to the amphetamine myth
17. The psychoactive legacies of war

About the Author(s)

Author(s): Jorge Marco

Jorge Marco is Senior Lecturer in the Department of Politics, Languages, and International Studies at the University of Bath.

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